martedì 15 marzo 2016

Ben Caspit : Perché Bibi snobba Obama ed evita la conferenza AIPAC

Sintesi personale

Per spiegare  la decisione di Benjamin Netanyahu di rinunciare  a un incontro con il presidente degli Stati Uniti Barak Obama, non è sufficiente motivare tale scelta con il desiderio del Primo Ministro di  evitare di essere trascinato nel putiferio  della campagna elettorale . Le vere ragioni sono altre :


Una ragione diplomatica collegata  alla discussione in corso di un protocollo d'intesa tra Israele e gli Stati Uniti  per determinare le dimensioni del pacchetto di aiuti militari dagli Stati Uniti a partire dal 2017. Attualmente Israele riceve circa $ 3 miliardi di dollari anno per la sicurezza. Dopo l'accordo nucleare con l'Iran, Israele sperava di aggiornare il pacchetto a più di $ 4 miliardi. Tuttavia, Netanyahu ha rifiutato di negoziare precedetentemente con  l'amministrazione degli Stati per poter condurre la sua lotta disperata contro la ratifica dell'accordo nucleare al Congresso.
Ora, il primo ministro si trova in una situazione disperata.
Gli americani sono d'accordo a far decollare l'assistenza, ma non come Israele vuole..Gli americani sono disposti  ad arrivare a  circa $ 4 miliardi
Netanyahu è ancora determinato a rinviare l'accordo e ad  aspettare il prossimo presidente Il primo ministro è preoccupato per un "agguato diplomatica" da  parte di Obama durante i suoi ultimi mesi in carica. Teme qualcosa sulla falsariga dei parametri di Clinton 
Obama possiede un accordo quadro formulata dal segretario di stato John Kerry.o , eventualmente  potrebbe appoggiare l' iniziativa francese al Consiglio di sicurezza per quanto riguarda la creazione di uno stato palestinese, Tali atti sarebbero visti da Netanyahu come una vera catastrofe strategica.
Netanyahu calcola che il presidente  potrebbe effettuare una tale mossa se ​​un pacchetto di aiuti militari per il prossimo decennio  fosse firmato., in quanto rimuoverebbe  l'immagine anti-israeliana che Netanyahu ha dipinto su Obama negli ultimi anni. Allo stesso tempo  permetterebbe al presidente americano di lasciare dietro di sé un'eredità diplomatica.
Netanyahu, che era un leader prudente ,è diventato un giocatore d'azzardo fuori controllo negli ultimi due anni. Il successo  gli ha dato alla testa ,la vicinanza a Adelson e le sue risorse finanziarie illimitate gli hanno dato un falso senso di sicurezza.
Un ministro israeliano ha detto ad Al-Monitor scorsa settimana a condizione di anonimato che Netanyahu sta mettendo in pericolo i più importanti interessi strategici di Israele. 

Il secondo motivo che lo ha spinto a non recarsi negli Stati Uniti in questo momento è anche collegata a  interessi politici interni : A gennaio il governo israeliano ha raggiunto un compromesso storico e assegnato ai riformati e  ai conservatori ebrei uno  spazio di preghiera separata di fronte al Muro del Pianto , il luogo più sacro del giudaismo. . I partiti ultra-ortodossi, senza il quale Netanyahu non può mantenere il suo governo,  minacciano di smantellare la coalizione  se non verrà modificato tale  accordo storico. Questo è lo stesso accordo che viene visto dal  mondo ebraico come un passo di riconciliazione tra lo Stato ebraico, controllato dagli ortodossi ,con la maggior parte degli ebrei di tutto il mondo che appartengono ai due Rabbinati.
Netanyahu sa che se avesse partecipato alla conferenza AIPAC alla fine di questa settimana, avrebbe ricevuto una calda e festosa accoglienza del pubblico dagli ebrei appartenenti ad entrambi gli schieramenti religiosi ,ma  sarebbe stato  un abbraccio pericoloso. Netanyahu è un Ebreo laico e non ha alcun interesse a tutto questo clamore. La sua visione del mondo è decisamente non ortodossa, ma lui è un politico esperto e la sua coalizione cadrebbe  a pezzi senza  gli  'ultra-ortodosso. Lui è caduto in questa trappola  e, al momento, non ha idea di come superare questa situazione di stallo. L'ultima cosa di cui ha bisogno è uno spettacolo pubblico di sostegno per la riforma dell'ebraismo che non farà che ulteriormente infuriare i suoi partner della coalizione





Ben Caspit
colonnista


Why Bibi snubbed Obama and is skipping next week's AIPAC conference

To explain Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s decision to forego a meeting with US President Barak Obama, associates of the prime minister noted to Al-Monitor the US primaries and Netanyahu’s desire to avoid being dragged into the ruckus surrounding them. While there is some truth to this excuse, given on condition of anonymity, it is not exactly high on the list of the real reasons. What is taking place in the US primaries has caused great consternation to Netanyahu as well as his American political patron, casino mogul Sheldon Adelson. In contrast to the previous presidential contest, during which Adelson sunk many millions into the candidacy of Newt Gingrich before skipping over to Mitt Romney’s camp and investing $100 million in him, this time, Netanyahu and Adelson are waiting to see which way the wind would turn. The problem is that the wind has swirled in a crazy direction. No one in Netanyahu or Adelson’s circles had dreamed of Donald Trump's rise. Now they are beginning to get used to him, as reflected in the tone of the articles in Israel Hayom, the pro-Netanyahu newspaper financed by Adelson.
SummaryPrint Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu decided to cancel his US trip so that he could avoid meeting with both President Barack Obama and the US Jewish community.
Author Ben Caspit Posted March 14, 2016
TranslatorSandy Bloom
Netanyahu had two more important reasons that induced him to skip the meeting with Obama on March 18 and waive an appearance before American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) the following night. One was a diplomatic reason, the other was political-religious.
The diplomatic reason is connected to the discussion over a memorandum of understanding between Israel and the United States that will determine the dimensions of the military aid package from the United States to Israel in the decade starting in 2017. Currently, Israel receives about $3 billion a year in security aid. Following the nuclear agreement with Iran, Israel hoped to upgrade the package to more than $4 billion. However, Netanyahu refused to open contacts while the US administration was willing to meet it halfway (in the middle of last year), in order to wage his hopeless struggle against ratification of the nuclear agreement in Congress.
Now, the prime minister finds himself in a hopeless situation.
The Americans are agreeing to ramp up assistance, but not to the level that Israel wants. The gaps remain, and chances that they will be bridged are low. Israel demands $4 billion a year, not including special assistance for the development of its various interceptor programs, including the Magic Wand (David’s Sling) and the Arrow missile. They are intended to complete Israel’s aerial protection against long-range rockets and missiles. The support needed for these projects comes to hundreds of millions of dollars a year, meaning that what Israel really wants is assistance close to $5 billion, all told. The Americans are willing to enlarge the aid to about $4 billion total. This is a significant gap.
Netanyahu is still determined to postpone the agreement to the next president’s term of office, despite Vice President Joe Biden begging him last week when he was in Israel to sign it during Obama’s term of office. Netanyahu has his reasons. The prime minister is concerned about a “diplomatic ambush” from Obama during his last few months in office. He fears something along the lines of the Clinton Parameters that President Bill Clinton set out in the last few days of his term of office.
Obama possesses a framework agreement formulated by Secretary of State John Kerry. The president can deliver a speech and detail the conditions of the framework agreement, a kind of “Obama Parameters.” Or he can lend his support to the French initiative at the Security Council regarding the establishment of a Palestinian state by not vetoing it. Obama could even take an American framework agreement to the Security Council for ratification. Such acts would be viewed by Netanyahu as a real strategic catastrophe.
Netanyahu reckons that the president would find it easier to carry out such a move if a military aid package for the next decade is signed. A well-publicized signing ceremony would remove the anti-Israeli image that Netanyahu has painted on Obama in recent years. Simultaneously, it would allow the American president to leave behind a diplomatic legacy. Those close to Netanyahu assess that if the sides do not reach an agreement on military aid, it will be harder for Obama to embark on a diplomatic campaign. He will need something to show his even-handedness, Netanyahu’s people think, because he won’t want to harm Hillary Clinton’s chances at the presidency and he won’t want to go down in history as an anti-Israeli president.
Netanyahu, who was a cautious and calculating leader for most of his career, has become an out-of-control gambler in the last two years. Success has gone to his head and his closeness to Adelson and his unlimited financial resources have given him a false sense of security. After he lost his wager on US presidential candidate Mitt Romney, Netanyahu went on to fail in his Iranian policy and then gambled again to try to avert congressional authorization of the agreement. He failed yet again — but each time he keeps raising the bar one more notch.
An Israeli minister told Al-Monitor last week on condition of anonymity that Netanyahu is endangering Israel’s most important strategic interests. “It could happen that Trump will be president and he’ll reassess the whole business of American support all over the world. We could even find ourselves with zero support due to Netanyahu’s shenanigans,” he said.
So, to avoid finding himself being dragged into signing the memorandum, Netanyahu decided to miss the presidential meeting. At the moment, his coalition is more important to him than military aid. He founded a narrow right-wing government, and a political tremor could dismantle it.
The second reason that impelled him not to travel to the United States at this time is also connected to these political interests: In January, the Israeli government reached a historic compromise and allotted Reform and Conservative Jews a special, separate prayer space opposite the Western Wall, Judaism’s holiest site. This compromise passed a government vote, but also let an ancient genie out of its bottle. The ultra-Orthodox parties, without whom Netanyahu cannot maintain his government, are now threatening to dismantle the coalition unless he agrees to their demand to amend this historic agreement. This is the same agreement that is viewed by world Jewry as a reconciliatory step taken by the Jewish state controlled by an Orthodox establishment with most of the world’s Jews, who are Reform or Conservative.
Netanyahu knows that if he attends the AIPAC conference at the end of this week, he would receive a warm and festive public welcome from the Reform and Conservative Jews. But it would be a dangerous bear hug. Netanyahu is a secular Jew, even a borderline atheist, and has no interest in all this hullabaloo. His worldview is decidedly non-Orthodox, but he is an experienced politician and his coalition would fall apart without the ultra-Orthodox. He fell into this trap against his will and at the moment, has no idea how to get through this impasse. The last thing he needs now is a public show of support by Reform Jewry, which will only further enrage his natural ultra-Orthodox coalition partners.
Netanyahu understands that sometimes, the best thing to do is simply stay home, disengage and pray for a miracle.

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