giovedì 6 aprile 2017

Akiva Eldar : è il BDS il vero male per Israele ?

Sintesi personale

Se fossi un cittadino americano, anche un rigorosamente kosher Ebreo, io non sarei ammesso nello Stato di Israele.

Secondo la nuova legislazione approvata il 6 marzo dalla Knesset, i cittadini non israeliani e residenti non permanenti (stranieri) che si sono impegnati a partecipare al boicottaggio, disinvestimento e sanzioni movimento (BDS) non potranno entrare  nel paese.  Cinque anni fa, ho pubblicato un articolo “ ulteriori motivi per non comprare prodotti degli insediamenti .” Non una sola foglia di lattuga coltivata in un insediamento israeliano entrerà nella mia cucina.
Pochi problemi dividono la società israeliana e minano la stabilità politica come l'occupazione e gli insediamenti  Basta guardare la rissa  verbale  del 2 aprile tra il primo ministro Benjamin Netanyahu e HaBayit Hayehudi Chair Naftali Bennett per la decisione del Governo di tenere a freno la costruzione negli insediamenti sotto pressione degli Stati Uniti. Nessun problema infligge più danni alla posizione internazionale di Israele.L' 'Unione Europea ha chiarito  che gli accordi UE con Israele riguardano solo aree interne  al confine pre-1967, una restrizione che "non costituisce il boicottaggio di Israele."
Nel corso del tempo   gli insediamenti sono diventati il ​​pomo della discordia tra Israele e gruppi ebraici liberali di tutto il mondo, soprattutto negli Stati Uniti   .L'  attacco dell' ambasciatore delle Nazioni Unite Nikki Haley contro la delibera 2334 del Consiglio di Sicurezza dello scorso dicembre di condanna degli insediamenti ha scatenato la gioia in Israele. Nonostante Trump abbia affermato in un'intervista con il pro-Netanyahu quotidiano Israel Hayom, che la costruzione degli insediamenti non è utile al processo di pace  invitando  Israele ad “ agire secondo ragione ,” l'inviato ha promesso di opporsi a qualsiasi risoluzione Onu contro  gli insediamenti israeliani.
  MENTRE i sostenitori dell'AIPAC  si sono crogiolati  nel bagliore delle osservazioni di Haley, il governo israeliano è stato frenato nella costruzione di case per gli ebrei nei territori occupati. Il  governo più a destra nella storia dello stato ha deciso il 31 marzo che v'è una differenza tra i territori sotto la sovranità israeliana e quelli sotto la sua occupazione, e limitato la costruzione degli insediamenti ai confini esistenti degli insediamenti.
    Non v'è alcuna certezza che questa volta i coloni ei loro protettori politici avranno il sopravvento. L' indagine completa condotta nel 2013 dal Pew Research Center tra gli ebrei americani ha indicato che il 17% supporta gli insediamenti,  il 44% crede che  gli insediamenti siano dannosi per la sicurezza di Israele. Solo il 38% degli intervistati ha riferito di credere che Israele stia compiendo un vero e proprio sforzo per raggiungere la pace con i palestinesi.
 

È interessante notare  che il membro arabo della Knesset Ayman Odeh , il capo della lista comune araba, durante la sua ultima visita negli Stati Uniti ha incontrato migliaia di ebrei che sostengono il boicottaggiodegli insediamenti  . “Queste persone non si oppongono allo stato  israeliano , sono contrari all'occupazione ”, ha detto Odeh. “L'occupazione, un giorno renderà Israele  simile a un lebbroso in tutto il mondo.” Membro del Likud alla Knesset David Amsalem, presidente della Commissione Affari Interni della Knesset, ha puntualizzato che i sostenitori del boicottaggio non fanno distinzione tra lo Stato e gli insediamenti. “Credo che queste persone  siano in realtà antisemiti”, ha opinato.
Grazie ai miei genitori  che sono emigrati in Israele a causa della dell'antisemitismo in Europa, io come un cittadino israeliano posso permettersi di sostenere il boicottaggio anti-occupazione senza rischiare l'espulsione dal mio paese. Grazie al procuratore generale Avichai Mandelblit, non voglio vedere il mio nome nella proposta di banca dati dei cittadini israeliani che sostengono il boicottaggio dei prodotti degli insediamenti israeliani e le sanzioni contro l'occupazione
Akiva Eldar
colonnista

Does BDS ban hurt Israel?

Had I been an American citizen, even a strictly kosher Jew, I would not have been allowed into the State of Israel.
SummaryPrint Jewish organizations in the United States are criticizing the Knesset for banning the entry of those who express support for the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement.
Author
TranslatorRuti Sinai
Under new legislation approved on March 6 by the Knesset, non-Israeli citizens and nonpermanent residents (foreign nationals) who have committed to take part in the boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) movement will not be granted entry into the country. Based on a 2011 law outlining penalties for those who call for a boycott of Israel, “boycott against the State of Israel” applies to “areas under control of the State of Israel.” Five years ago, I published an article under a Hebrew headline translating to “Additional Reasons Not to Buy Settlement Products.” Not a single lettuce leaf grown in an Israeli settlement will enter my kitchen.
Few issues divide Israeli society and undermine political stability as does the occupation enterprise and the settlement machine. Just look at the verbal blows exchanged April 2 by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and HaBayit HaYehudi Chair Naftali Bennett over the Cabinet’s decision to rein in construction in the settlements under US pressure. No issue inflicts more damage to Israel’s international standing. Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the European Union tussled in January following the EU resolution clarifying that EU agreements with Israel pertain only to areas within the pre-1967 border, a restriction that "does not constitute a boycott of Israel."
Over time, the settlements have become a bone of contention between Israel and liberal Jewish groups around the world, especially in the United States. Despite these groups' earlier activities, it appears as though the trauma of Hillary Clinton’s defeat in the presidential election and the budding romance between her rival, President Donald Trump, and Netanyahu have left protests against settlement expansion to relatively small organizations such as J Street, Americans for Peace Now and the New Israel Fund. Israel’s political right and participants at the recent 2017 annual American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) convention in Washington could not conceal their glee at the broadside attack by the Trump administration’s UN Ambassador Nikki Haley against last December’s Security Council Resolution 2334 condemning the settlements. Despite Trump stating in a February interview with the pro-Netanyahu daily Israel Hayom, that settlement construction is not useful to the peace process and calling on Israel to “act reasonably,” the envoy promised to oppose any UN resolution against Israeli settlements.
But while the Israeli right and AIPAC supporters were basking in the glow of Haley’s remarks, the Israeli government was curbing the construction of homes for Jews in the occupied territories. The most right-wing government in the history of the state decided on March 31 that there is a difference between territories under Israeli sovereignty and those under its occupation, and it limited settlement construction to the existing borders of the settlements.
Does this mean that boycotting settlement products is different from boycotting Israel? Yes. A clear response to this dilemma came from a quarter that proponents of the BDS activist ban (among them Knesset members of the centrist Yesh Atid) had not expected.
Reacting to the March 6 legislation, the American Jewish Committee said in a statement, “As history has amply shown throughout the democratic world, barring entry to otherwise qualified visitors on the basis of their political views will not by itself defeat BDS.” The committee's president, David Harris, warned that the new law would not “help Israel’s image as the beacon of democracy in the Middle East," but make it hard to defend its legitimacy. The Anti-Defamation League, another organization central to the American Jewish community, said the new bill hurts Israel and that its best defenses against the BDS movement are Israeli democracy, pluralism and the openness of its society.
The settlement enterprise has succeeded in taking the controversy to the heart of the most important Jewish community outside Israel’s borders. There is no certainty that this time the settlers and their political patrons will have the upper hand. The comprehensive survey conducted in 2013 by the Pew Research Center among American Jews indicated that 17% support the settlement enterprise and 44% believe the settlements are harmful to Israel’s security. Only 38% of respondents reported believing Israel is making a true effort to achieve peace with the Palestinians. It should be noted that Jewish leaders have always been prominent in the American Civil Liberties Union. To this day, American Jews proudly hail Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, who walked alongside Martin Luther King in the famous 1965 Selma march.
Interestingly enough, Arab Knesset member Ayman Odeh, the head of the Arab Joint List, said during the debate on the bill that during his last visit to the United States he met thousands of Jews who support the settlement boycott. “These people are not opposed to the state, they’re opposed to the occupation,” said Odeh. “The occupation will one day make Israel a leper throughout the world.” Likud Knesset member David Amsalem, chairman of the Knesset’s Internal Affairs Committee, said at the same debate that supporters of the boycott don’t differentiate between the state and the settlements. “I think these people are actually anti-Semites,” he opined.
Thanks to my parents, who immigrated to Israel because of the anti-Semitism in Europe, I as an Israeli citizen can afford to support the anti-occupation boycott without risking expulsion from my country. Thanks to Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit, I will not see my name in the proposed database of Israeli citizens who support a boycott of Israeli settlement products and sanctions against the occupation. Mandelblit forced Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan — who was eager to create such a database — to leave the surveillance of Israeli citizens to the Shin Bet.
 
 
 
 
 
Akiva Eldar
Columnist 

Akiva Eldar is a columnist for Al-Monitor’s Israel Pulse. He was formerly a senior columnist and editorial writer for Haaretz and also served as the Hebrew daily’s US bureau chief and diplomatic correspondent. His most recent book (with Idith Zertal), Lords of the Land, on the Jewish settlements,7h

Nessun commento:

Posta un commento