giovedì 2 febbraio 2017

Gideon Levy : il confronto tra Umm al-Hiran e Amona e la vittoria dei coloni

Sintesi personale


Una volta   ho cambiato casa.E 'stato triste allontanarsi dalle mura e dalle memorie. Il dolore è passato. L'ho superato. Non sono il solo. Tante  persone si sono spostate da casa  o perché volevano o perché costrette:   un contratto scaduto, un rapporto finito o un nuovo lavoro.
E 'sempre triste  lasciare la   casa, anche se non tutte le partenze sono (ostentatamente) caratterizzate da articoli strazianti, affermazioni false, grida incredibili per la compassione nazionale e per  la compensazione scandalosa. Non sempre sono coinvolti otto battaglioni dell'esercito israeliano e 3.000 poliziotti per spostare una persona da quella che era stata la sua casa.
A pensarci bene  non ho mai vissuto in una casa rubata. Forse lasciarla è più difficile.
Mercoledì scorso l'Amona Show è arrivato al suo ultimo atto. Più di ogni altra cosa  l'evacuazione dell'avamposto illegale ha dimostrato come sia razzista la polizia israeliana. Sembra che le persone possano essere evacuate a  mani nude senza bisogno di fucili o caschi, senza manganelli e, soprattutto, senza la scortesia e la propensione per la violenza che la polizia e la polizia di frontiera ha  dimostrato di fronte ai deboli  :  arabi o etiopi. Improvvisamente i manifestanti non sono stati colpiti con il fuoco vivo. Non è stata la polizia che ha spazzato Amona, ma i soldati del "Salvation Army" in giacca blu con una bandiera israeliana cucita sulla manica.
Perché? Perché gli sfollati sono ebrei bianchi, i rappresentanti del gruppo più potente, più privilegiato nella società israeliana. Perché il capo della polizia proviene dalla stesso quartiere. Perché il governo non ha voluto  che si diffondessero  immagini strazianti.
 Una polizia per i bianchi e una polizia per i nativi. Non si può più negare.
L'evacuazione di Amona è proceduta dopo i preliminari che si sono trascinati a lungo con infinite udienze nella Alta Corte di Giustizia. Sembrava  una versione in costume Purim particolarmente dissonante : le ragazze con le trecce e le lacrime, le giovani madri con i bambini, le chitarre, le preghiere, le candele e tutto quel jazz stanco. Le accuse di  "cattiveria",  di  "discriminazione" di cittadini di serie B," la bambina che chiede a sua madre, di fronte alle telecamere  ovviamente, "Mamma avremo un posto dove vivere?", come se non sapesse la risposta.
L'esercito che pone cordoni alla zona, ma permette a centinaia di giovani di infiltrarsi liberamente, di barricarsi all'interno delle abitazioni, mentre giurano di rifiutare la violenza; i soldati dimostrano la loro sensibilità, mentre si preparano per l'azione   e da un momento all'altro scoppieranno in lacrime, i titoli   dei quotidiani  sono nauseanti - "Questa era la mia casa", "Le ultime ore . Ai   proprietari terrieri palestinesi ,per i quali questo spettacolo è stato organizzato ,   non sarà mai permesso di arrivare vicino alla loro terra ora evacuata. Il  nome infantile scelto per questa missione , "asilo bloccato" [dalla canzone tratta dalla poesia di Rachel, "Non è bello vedere la scuola materna bloccata"] è 
 molto poetico e commovente. E, naturalmente, è seguita  la reazione sionista appropriata, senza la quale nessuno sgombero potrebbe procedere   : costruire altre 1.000 unità abitative.
Amona Show sarà l'ultimo sfratto . La stagione dello sfratto è finita . La finzione è finita. Per un attimo Israele si avvolge nell'immagine di uno stato di diritto sfrattando  una manciata di coloni che hanno occupato una terra "illegalmente"ma
 al loro posto si insedierà un altro migliaio di persone sulla terra  rubata. Ma ora l'annessione si avvicina,  il ballo in maschera è agli sgoccioli, in seguito verrà la sbornia del trionfo dei coloni.
Pochi israeliani hanno mai visitato Amona. La maggior parte non ha idea di dove si trovi Presumibilmente pochi si preoccupano del suo destino. Amona non ha toccato il cuore della comunità laica,  ma , ironia della sorte, ad   Amona  dove  è stata dichiarata l'indipendenza dello stato dei coloni. E 'questo sfratto attesta la loro grande vittoria. Amona era l'ultimo spettacolo del Teatro Nazionale.
Gideon Levy
Haaretz Correspondent


From Umm al-Hiran to Amona, the comparison shrieked to the skies: apartheid police. One police for whites and one police for natives.
haaretz.com|Di Gideon Levy
 Once, I moved house. It was sad. It was sad to part from the walls and the memories. The sorrow passed. I got over it. I am not alone: A lot of people have moved home, some because they wanted to, others not: because of a contract that expired, a relationship that fell apart or a new job.

It’s always sad to leave home, though not every such departure features (ostensibly) heart-wrenching articles, phony assertions, utterly incredible cries for national compassion and scandalous compensation. It doesn’t always take eight Israeli army battalions and 3,000 policemen to move a person from what had been his home.

On second thought, I've never lived in a stolen home. Maybe leaving it is harder.

On Wednesday the Amona Show arrived at its last act. More than anything else, the illegal outpost’s evacuation proved how racist the Israeli police are. It seems that people can be evacuated using bare hands, without need for rifles or helmets, without truncheons and mainly, without the discourtesy and penchant for violence that the police and border police have demonstrated when facing the weak, Arabs or Ethiopians. Suddenly the demonstrators are not shot with live fire. It was not the police who swept into Amona, but “Salvation Army” soldiers in blue jackets with an Israeli flag sewn to the sleeve.

Why? Because the evacuees are white Jews, representatives of the most privileged, most powerful group in Israeli society. Because the chief of police hails from the same neighborhood. Because the government didn’t want heart-rending pictures to start making the rounds.

From Umm al-Hiran to Amona, the comparison shrieked to the skies: apartheid police. One police for whites and one police for natives. It can no longer be denied.

Israeli police mobilise on the second day of an operation to evict residents from the West Bank settler outpost of Amona where hardline settlers are barricading themselves on February 2, 2017, after the High Court determined the homes were built on private Palestinian land.
Israeli police mobilise on the second day of an operation to evict residents from the West Bank settler outpost of Amona where hardline settlers are barricading themselves
The evacuation of Amona proceeded after foreplay that dragged on and on, including the usual repertoire of schticks, featuring endless hearings in the High Court of Justice, sitting as an especially incongruous Purim-costumed version of a state with justice and equality before the law, including the justices playing dumb, the young girls in braids and tears, the young mothers with babies, the guitars, the prayers, candles and all that tired jazz. The cries of “wickedness” and “discrimination” and “Citizens type B,” the little girl asking her mother, in front of rolling cameras of course, “Mommy, will we have somewhere to live?” as though she didn’t know the answer.

The army that cordons off the area but allows hundreds of youngsters to freely infiltrate, barricading themselves inside homes while vowing to eschew violence; the soldiers demonstrating their sensitivity as they prepare for action – any moment now they’ll be bursting into tears; the nauseating headlines – “This was my home,” “The final hours”; the Palestinian landowners for whose benefit this show has been put on, who will never be allowed to get anywhere near their land, now evacuated; the childish name chosen for this mission – “Locked kindergarten” [from the song based on Rachel’s poem, “It’s not nice to see the kindergarten locked”] – how very poetic and moving. And, of course, the appropriate Zionist reaction, without which no eviction could possibly proceed – build another 1,000 housing units, and counting.

The music never stops – until it does, and the Amona Show is going to be the last one. The eviction season is over. The pretending is over. Barring something unexpected happening in Washington, we can forget this theater of the absurd, this evacuation sample, in which – for a moment there – Israel wraps itself in the image of a state of law and order, moves out a handful of settlers who occupied land “illegally” – bad lot, those settlers – as though there was a single settlement in the land that conducted itself legally, and in their stead is instating another thousand people on land that is just as stolen. But now annexation is approaching, the arrangement is nigh, the masked ball is winding down, and following it will come the hangover of the settlers’ triumph.

Few Israelis have ever visited Amona. Most have no idea where it is. Presumably, few care about its fate. Even after all the tear-jerking, Amona did not touch the hearts of the secular community. Yet ironically it is Amona where the independence of the state of settlers has been declared. It is this inane eviction that attests to their grand victory. There will be no more Amonas. It was the National Theater’s last show.

Gideon Levy
read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.769051


AMONA VS UMM AL HIRAN: IS THE COMPARISON LEGITIMATE?
On January 18 2017, the Israeli government attempted to begin erasing the entire Bedouin Israeli village of Umm al Hiran in order to build a Jewish community on the rubble. The attempt had disastrous results for both Arabs and Jews, of which the details are still unclear.
Many have sought to draw a basis of comparison between the evacuation of Umm al Hiran to the evacuation of Amona, a Jewish Israeli outpost in the occupied territories. Is this comparison appropriate?
WERE THE COMMUNITIES BUILT ON THE ESTABLISHED PRIVATE LAND OF OTHERS?
✔ Amona was established on private Palestinian land
✘ Umm al-Hiran, on the other hand, was built on state land.
WERE THE COMMUNITIES STARTED WITH THE CONSENT OF THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT?
✘ Amona was established illegally without the consent of the government. It began with a tractor trailer hurtling through an IDF checkpoint.
✔ On the other hand, the governor of the Negev moved the residents of Umm al-Hiran to their current location in the 1950s, but their status was never legalized. The residents of Umm al-Hiran did not choose to live where they currently are and are ready to return to their original land.
IS THE GOVERNMENT ATTEMPTING TO LEGALIZE THE COMMUNITY AT ANY COST?
✔ Amona, yes, and by bending the law.
✘ Proposed compromises from the residents of Umm al-Hiran have been rejected repeatedly. The residents are willing to live in a shared village with the future Jewish residents of “Hiran,” but the government rejected this proposal.
WERE RESIDENTS OFFERED REASONABLE ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS?
✔ Amona residents were offered generous compensation and an alternate location to set up their own independent community.
✘ Umm al-Hiran residents were offered to relocate to the urban Bedouin township Hura where they will no longer be able to maintain their agricultural livelihood, and where there are concerns regarding potential clan tensions. The residents of Umm al-Hiran are open to various options, but moving to Hura, where their entire community will be threatened, is unacceptable.
But nonetheless prime minister Netanyahu fabricates a connection between demolitions in Amona and demolitions in the Arab sector! There is no basis for comparison.




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