venerdì 4 agosto 2017

Akiva Elder : l'eredità di Netanyahu : dividere gli Ebrei, unire i Musulmani

Sintesi personale

Durante l'epoca romana  il monte del Tempio svolse un ruolo centrale nella strategia di "dividi e  comanda" . Nel primo secolo aC  il governatore romano  ripristinò John Hyrcanus come sommo sacerdote del tempio ebraico, ma consegnò gran parte del potere di governare la provincia a un gruppo di nobili rivali. Per quanto riguarda l'epoca moderna il primo ministro israeliano Benjamin Netanyahu verrà  ricordato nella storia come il politico che ha costruito una magnifica carriera politica creando inimicizia, edificando mura all'interno del popolo d'Israele - tra  destra e sinistra,  tra  gli ebrei , tra  gli arabi, religiosi e secolari, tra  gli attivisti dei diritti umani e i media. I libri di storia lo menzioneranno  anche per il risultato singolare di unificare  arabi e musulmani contro Israele e il popolo ebraico.

Per anni  i palestinesi hanno cercato con successo molto limitato di unificare  arabi e musulmani attorno alla loro lotta per il diritto all'autodeterminazione.: Le  bandiere israeliane si sono diffuse su dozzine di nuovi avamposti invasivi nella Cisgiordania occupata, ma e bandiere di Giordania e di  Egitto continuano a sventolare sulle loro ambasciate in Israele. Gli stati del Golfo sono impegnati nello Yemen , si delinea con evidenza il conflitto con il Qatar ,i  sunniti e gli  sciiti sono divisi tra loro  . Inoltre  gli alleati del presidente palestinese Mahmoud Abbas,  quando si allontanano  dalla loro rivalità con Hamas nella Striscia di Gaza, cercano rifugio in Dahlan  abbandonando  Abbas. Questo è tutto senza nemmeno menzionare le guerre  in Siria e in Iraq.
Per anni   i palestinesi   si sono rivolti a  Washington e alle  maggiori capitali europee per  coinvolgerli . Attualmente  Donald Trump a malapena può guidare la politica interna  americana, il  presidente francese Emmanuel Macron  sta concentrando la maggior parte delle sue energie sulle questioni interne,il cancelliere tedesco Angela Merkel è in  campagna elettorale,il primo ministro britannico Theresa May ha i  suoi problemi con l'Unione europea,il  movimento di boicottaggio  contro i prodotti israeliani non sta andando  troppo bene.
Ora, anche sei Palestinesi  non sono santi, la loro pazienza è stata premiata. Il governo israeliano con Netanyahu al timone ha fatto il lavoro per loro, trasformando la loro lotta nazionale  in un feudo religioso incendiario. Il governo ha obbedientemente eseguito quanto  volevano   i tre arabi israeliani che hanno assassinato due poliziotti israeliani il  14 luglio. 
.La foto di una telecamera di sicurezza "ebraica" o di  un  metal detector sul sito aggrega manifestanti sulle strade di Ramallah, Gaza, Amman e il Cairo molto più di  centinaia di palestinesi uccisi negli scontri con le truppe israeliane. Mobilita anche l'estremismo musulmano 
. Quando " Al-Aqsa è sotto assedio " Al-Qaeda invita i suoi aderenti a cancellare  la presenza di qualsiasi ebreo, americano o europeo nelle sacre moschee di Gerusalemme.
  Assurdamente Netanyahu ha danneggiato la pretesa alla sovranità israeliana sul monte del Tempio  bloccando le porta ai musulmani e ai  visitatori ebrei.
La marcia della follia del primo ministro non si  è  fermata alle mura della città vecchia di Gerusalemme.Egli è  riuscito ad erigere un ponte di ferro tra i palestinesi in Israele e quelli in Cisgiordania. Il canale Israel Channel 2 ha riportato il 27 luglio che Netanyahu aveva proposto di scambiare le città arabe e villaggi arabi  del Wadi Ara i con  gli insediamenti della Cisgiordania che sarebbero stati annessi ad Israele. Si è allineato quindi  con   Avigdor Liberman  e Yisrael Beitenu, che puntano al  trasferimento degli arabi israeliani . Ora i due leader politici di Israele stanno giocando in mano di fanatici religiosi e fanno sembrare i cittadini arabi d'Israele, che cercano di integrarsi nella società israeliana ,utili idioti.
Said Abu Shakra che  organizza mostre di artisti arabi e ebrei israeliani alla galleria  da lui fondata a   Umm al-Fahm, mostra  ad Al-Monitor la copia di una lettera che ha mandato di recente al primo ministro : "Ti invio questa lettera come persona nata e vissuta in questo stato. Una persona le cui radici sono piantate  in questo terreno. Una persona   che vuole garantire il futuro delle prossime generazioni.  Una persona da tempo attiva per organizzare incontri multiculturali  e superare le reciproche divisioni . Una persona  che continua a lavorare con determinazione per la convivenza ".
Abu Shakra accusa Netanyahu di alimentare la discordia tra ebrei e arabi. Egli ricorda il  famoso avvertimento agli elettori israeliani nel marzo del 2015 per invitarli a uscire da casa e a recarsi a votare :  :  "gli arabi stanno recandosi  in massa  nelle stazioni elettorali". Termina la sua lettera con una promessa : lui e molti intorno a lui vogliono una nuova realtà per le generazioni future, una realtà dove  gli arabi e gli ebrei possano vivere in pace.
La questione è quanto sangue sarà versato  fino ad allora nella lotta nazionale tra due popoli che da miscredenti sono trascinati  in un conflitto tra due religioni.

Netanyahu’s legacy: dividing Jews and uniting Arabs

During the Roman era, the Temple Mount played a central role in the empire’s “divide and rule” strategy. In the first century B.C., the Roman governor Gabinius reinstated John Hyrcanus as high priest of the Jewish Temple, but handed over much of the power to rule the province to a group of rival noblemen. As concerns the modern era, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will go down in history as a politician who built a magnificent political career on foundations of enmity, on walls he erected between the people of Israel — between those on the right and the left, Jews and Arabs, the religious and secular, between ordinary Israelis and human rights activists and the media. History books will also credit him with the singular achievement of unifying the Arab and Muslim worlds against Israel and the Jewish people.
SummaryPrint Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's handling in the recent Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif crisis threatens to turn the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a nationalist struggle into a religious conflagration.
Author
TranslatorRuti Sinai
For years, the Palestinians have been trying with very limited success to unify the Arab and Muslim worlds around their struggle for the right to self-determination. Even as Israeli flags are unfurled over dozens of new, invasive outposts in the occupied West Bank, however, the flags of Jordan and Egypt continue to fly over their embassies in Israel. The Gulf states are tied up in a war in Yemen and a conflict with Qatar, while the Sunnis and Shiites are busy with mutual bloodletting. In addition, when Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' allies take time off from their rivalry with Hamas in the Gaza Strip, they seek shelter from the plots being hatched by former senior Fatah member Mohammed Dahlan and his people to dethrone Abbas. This is all without even mentioning the all-out wars in Syria and Iraq.
For years, the Palestinians also set their sights on Washington and major European capitals to convince of their cause. With few options left, they even initially had high hopes for US President Donald Trump, a man who can barely keep things together at home. French President Emmanuel Macron, newly settled in the Elysee Palace, is focusing most of his energies on domestic issues. German Chancellor Angela Merkel is in the throes of an election campaign. British Prime Minister Theresa May has troubles of her own with the European Union. The Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement against Israeli products is not doing too well, either. For every singer who boycotts Israel, a dozen others — singers, dance and theater troupes — flock there. In addition, the number of Israeli artists — a group considered a bastion of the left — who refuse to perform in Israeli West Bank settlements is a drop in the bucket compared to the number of performances being staged at the culture centers in the settlement towns of Ariel and Kiryat Arba.
Now, although Abbas and his entourage are hardly saints, their patience has been rewarded. The Israeli government with Netanyahu at the helm has done the job for them, turning their waning national struggle into an incendiary religious feud. The government obediently played the role in which it was cast by the three Israeli Arabs who murdered two Israeli police officers on the Temple Mount July 14. The three knew what they were doing when they picked the site, holy to both Jews and Muslims.
It is well-known that even a hint of a Jewish plot to chip away at Muslim control over what to them is the Haram al-Sharif mobilizes Muslim communities around the world. One photo of a “Jewish” security camera or metal detector at the site brings out many more demonstrators onto the streets of Ramallah, Gaza, Amman and Cairo than thousands of words written about the hundreds of Palestinians killed in clashes with Israeli troops. The three terrorists from Umm al-Fahm knew very well that there is hardly a more flammable spot on earth.
The Palestinian issue, with the Al-Aqsa Mosque at its center, made it back not only into world headlines but also onto the websites and other platforms of global jihad. When “Al-Aqsa is under siege,” al-Qaeda calls on its adherents to wipe out any Jew, American or European standing in its way to the sacred mosques of Jerusalem.
The unilateral Israeli decision to install metal detectors at the entrance to the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif compound after the killing of the two policemen there, touched one of the neighbors’ most sensitive spots. Absurdly, Netanyahu damaged his claim to Israeli sovereignty over the Temple Mount, given that when all the gates were locked to Muslims, they were not open to Jewish visitors, either.
The prime minister’s march of folly did not stop at the walls of Jerusalem’s Old City. He managed also to erect an iron bridge between the Palestinians in Israel and those in the West Bank. Israel Channel 2 reported July 27 that Netanyahu had proposed swapping the Israeli Arab towns and villages in the predominantly Arab Wadi Ara northern region in exchange for West Bank settlements that would be annexed to Israel. The prime minister did not deny the reported proposal, which aligns him with Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman's radical party, Yisrael Beitenu, which espouses the transfer of Israeli Arabs. Now Israel's two top political leaders are playing into the hands of religious zealots and making Arab citizens of Israel seeking to integrate into Israeli society look like useful idiots.
Said Abu Shakra, who displays works by Israeli Arab and Jewish artists at the gallery he founded and runs in Umm al-Fahm, gave Al-Monitor a copy of a heart-wrenching letter he recently sent the prime minister. Among the choice excerpts, he wrote, “I am turning to you in this personal letter as a person born and living in this state; a person whose family was born here and whose roots are planted deep in its soil; a person for whom it’s important to ensure the future of the next generations; a person who has long been active for the sake of multicultural gatherings and the healing of rifts within Israeli society; a person who often deals with the severest crises of trust experienced by Israeli society, yet one who keeps on working with determination for coexistence.”
Abu Shakra accuses Netanyahu of sowing discord between Jews and Arabs. He reminds him of his famous warning to Israeli voters in March 2015, exhorting them to get out and vote because “the Arabs are flocking in droves to the polling stations.” He wanders with bitter irony, “Maybe you’d like to say that Umm al-Fahm is flocking in droves for Jerusalem?” He ends his letter with a promise that he and many around him will stand firm to create a new reality for the sake of future generations, a reality in which Arabs and Jews live side by side in peace.
The question is how much blood will be spilled until then in the national struggle between two peoples that is being turned by miscreants and fools into a conflict between two religions.





Akiva Eldar is a columnist for Al-Monitor’s Israel Pulse. He was formerly a senior columnist and editorial writer for Haaretz and also served as the Hebrew daily’s US bureau chief and diplomatic correspondent. His most recent book (with Idith Zertal), Lords of the Land, on the Jewish settlements, was on the best-seller list in Israel and has been translated into English, French, German and Arabic.

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